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Biology 106 - Anatomy and Physiology II   Lecture

Instructor: Dr. Hugh Potter, Professor of Biology

Email address: potter@ucc.edu (Best way to get in touch!)

Office location:

 Room S206A, Cranford Campus on the 2nd floor of the Science Building

Office Hours for the Spring 2014 Semester
  9AM to 10:00 - Tuesday, Room 206C, Science building, Cranford campus
  9AM to 10:00 - Wednesday, Room 440, Kellogg Building, Elizabeth campus
  10AM to 11:00 - Thursday, Room 206C, Science building, Cranford campus

                                and by appointment

 

Course Description

   A continuation of Anatomy and Physiology I intended to complete the required two-semester sequence.  The course covers the following systems: Endocrine, Respiratory, Circulatory, Lymphatic, Digestive, Urinary, and Reproductive.    Prerequisite: Successful completion of Bio-105.  3 Lecture and 3 Laboratory hours per week.  4 credits.

    This course has been structured to afford you every opportunity to develop your ability to learn, to master the required material and to demonstrate your success in these endeavors. Students who have chosen to enroll in this course are seeking rigorous pre-professional preparation. This course will provide the level of preparation you require.

Required Materials:

Textbook: Elaine M. Marieb; Human Anatomy and Physiology, Benjamin Cummings, Publisher.

Lab Manual: Elaine M. Marieb; Human Anatomy and Physiology Laboratory Manual,  Benjamin Cummings, Publisher.

Dissecting kit and disposable latex gloves are required for dissection.    Each student must bring their own kit and gloves to lab.  Failure to have these materials will result in a zero grade on the quiz.  Kits and gloves are available in the college bookstores.

Basis of Grade - Lecture Component

    Your grade is based exclusively on your performance on tests. There is no extra credit or grade substitutes for exams. Four class exams plus an objective comprehensive final exam will be given. Lecture exams will cover the topics indicated on the schedule unless specific changes are announced in class. Each exam will include material from lecture discussions and the text. The class exams will consist of 60 objective, multiple choice questions and a specific essay question. The essay will be one out of three essays you will be given in advance of the exam. The one essay question chosen for the exam is "teacher’s choice". Therefore, you must prepare to answer all three essays. The average of your four class exams is worth 40% of your final grade. Your cumulative final exam grade is worth 20% of your final grade. The other 40% of your grade is taken from your lab average.  Grades on all exams and the lab final grade are numerical initially.  The overall numerical grade will be converted into a final letter grade following the final exam.

The final letter grade for the course is calculated from the numerical grade according to the following formula:

                                         A    90 to 100%

                                         B+  87 to 89%

                                         B    80 to 86%

                                         C+  77 to 79%

                                         C    70 to 76%

                                         D+  67 to 69%

                                         D    60 to 66%

                                         F    Less than 60%

Cheating

Students may not use any extraneous materials, written or electronic, during an exam.  The only items used by a student taking an exam are a pencil, a Scranton sheet and the blue book for essay answers.  Students must provide their own pencils  Cheating during an exam is a violation of the college's code of ethics and will result in the exam being given a zero grade.  In addition, other administrative steps may include failure in the course or expulsion of the student from Union County College.  At the beginning of the exam, students must place their books, notebooks, school bags or knapsacks in the front or side of the room, away from their seat. 

Cell Phones and other electronic devices 

“All electronic devices (cell phones, etc.) must be turned off in all lab and lecture classes.

 All electronic devices (cell phones, etc.) must be turned off and stored off desks and out of sight during all tests and quizzes. If the electronic device is used, goes off, or is visibly observed by the instructor during a testing experience, the student may be given a failing grade, as low as zero.  All of these restrictions equally apply to students reviewing exams at a later date.

The use of cell phones during lessons and exams is expressly prohibited by Biology department and college regulations and is another criterion for evaluating a student's participation in the class.  In addition, cell phones must be off and put away during an exam.  The appearance of a cell phone or any other electronic device  during examinations will be construed as compromising the academic integrity of the exam and may result in the student receiving a zero for the test. 
           "An instructor may use the quality of class participation
           (as defined above) in determining student grades."
           (UCC Student Handbook). 

 Makeup/Retest

     In addition to the four class exams, there will be a Makeup/Retest following our last class meeting on a day and at a time TBA. The privilege of taking this exam is only given to students who have demonstrated appropriate class participation (see below for the criteria used in determining class participation).  These students will be given the opportunity  to take this exam to replace a poor grade on one of the four class tests. Once you have committed yourself to take this exam, the grade you receive on the retest will count whether it is higher or lower than the grade you are seeking to replace.

     If you have missed one of the four class tests, you must take the makeup/retest. This is the only way to replace your missing grade. There are no additional makeup exams. The content on the makeup/retest will be the material we are covering at the very end of the course, i.e., The Urinary and Reproductive Systems.

Class participation

      Class participation requires attendance at all classes.  More than two unexcused absences will result in a grade reduction.  Students must present documentation for their absence to be excused.     Lateness is not acceptable.   Students should be in class at the starting time in order to take quizzes, tests and get the information of the day.  Late arrivals create a disturbance which is a major distraction for students and instructor.  Any student who arrives after the role is taken must see Dr. Potter at the end of class so that he or she will not be marked absent for the evening.  Class participation depends on the student being present in class and on time.
     The use of cell phones during lessons and exams is expressly prohibited by Biology department and college regulations and is another criterion for evaluating a student's participation in the class.  In addition, cell phones must be off and put away during an exam.  The appearance of a cell phone or any other electronic device  during examinations will be construed as compromising the academic integrity of the exam and will result in the student receiving a zero for the test. 
           "An instructor may use the quality of class participation
           (as defined above)
in determining student grades."
                             (UCC Student Handbook). 


 

Biology 106 Lecture - Tentative Schedule of Lecture Topics

          Topic                                                            Textbook Chapter       

Endocrine System                                                                         17

    Handouts: The Endocrine System
                          Endocrine Hormones and Disorders                          
                          Endocrinology - Historical Background
                          Hormonal Control of Metabolism 

   PowerPoint Slide Review - Endocrine System
                                                      Endocrine Disorders

  Related Web Sites:  Endocrine System - Histology
                                      Endocrine System Information                                  

The Blood                                                                                          18

    Handouts: Blood Histology
                         Life Cycle of the RBC
                         Blood Clotting

                         Diseases of the Formed Elements

    Related Web Sites: Hemostasis
                                        

The Lymphoid System                                                                  21
     Handout: The Lymphoid System
  

The Immune System                                                                     22

     Handouts: Immunity

     Related Web Sites: The Anatomy of the Immune System
                                          Immune Response The Body's Natural Defense
                                          Understanding the Immune System

                                                        EXAM #1 -  Possible Essays
1.  Discuss negative and positive feedback regulation of endocrine secretion.
a.  Give two specific examples of each type of feedback.
b.  Describe the role of "up and down" regulation in feedback control.

 2.  Discuss the hormones that have a direct effect on blood sugar levels and describe how they achieve this control.
 
3.  Describe the life cycle of the red blood cell.  Include in your answer the regulation of RBC  production and the fate of the products of hemoglobin degradation.

The Heart                                                                                          19

     Handouts: The Heart
                          Diseases of the Heart
                          Characteristics of Cardiac Muscle Cells

     Power point Slide Presentation: Heart Physiology - EKG

     Related Web Sites:   Shockwave cardiac cycle

The Blood Vessels                                                           20

    Handout:  Blood Vessel Anatomy and Function
                         Diseases of Blood Vessels                                                                        

The Respiratory System                                                              23

     Handouts: Respiratory System
                          Functions of the Respiratory System
                          Neurological Control of Breathing

     Related Web Sites:
     Respiratory Pathology
    
Oxyhemoglobin Dissociation Curve Interactive Tool

                                                       EXAM #2   Possible essays
1.     Describe the interactions between the immunocytes which produces the immune response.  You must discuss both humoral and cell mediated immunity.
2.
     Discuss the cardiac cycle in detail.  Include all of the  major events in each stage of the cycle, i.e., actions of valves, state of contraction or relaxation of the chambers, heart sounds, electrical events, etc.
3.
     Describe the characteristics of cardiac muscle cells.  Compare and contrast these characteristics with skeletal muscle cells

The Digestive System                                                                   24

     Handouts: Digestive System
                          Neuroendocrine Regulation of Digestion

     Related Web Sites:  The Digestive System

Metabolism                                                                                        25

     Handouts: Glucose Metabolism
                          Summary of Metabolic Pathways

                                                       EXAM #3  Possible essays
1.  Describe the factors that influence the transport of Oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.  Illustrations may be used but they do not substitute for text.
2.  Discuss the endocrine and neural control of the digestive process in the stomach and small intestine.
3.  Discuss the metabolism of glucose.  Include in your essay the three stages involved in the breakdown of glucose
 

The Urinary System                                                                       26

     Handouts: The Kidney
                          Fluid and Electrolyte Balance     
                          Regulation of Extracellular Fluid Volume
                          Regulation of Osmotic Pressure                                   

     Related Web Sites:  Nephron
                                           The Kidney
                                          

Reproductive Systems                                                                     28

     Handouts: Male Reproductive System
                          Female Reproductive System

                          Sex Cell Formation and Development

Pregnancy and Human Development                                      29

EXAM #4 -  75 multiple choice questions - No essay

 

Last Date for  Withdrawal - October 26th 

Last Day of Fall Classes - December 14th