U.S. Demographics 2000

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Demographics

    Every ten years since 1790, the United States government has conducted a census. These census reports give a comprehensive picture of the American population through more than 200 years of history and are used widely by the business community and others in making policy decisions.  We have grown from a population of just under four million in 1790 to just over 281 million in 2000. 

The Bureau of the Census, at http://www.census.gov,  maintains a huge Web site with all sorts of demographic information.

    For global demographics, you might want to check out my pages on International Politics course, GOV 207, especially the material on the international economy and global inequality.

    On August 6, 2009, the estimated population of the U.S.  was 307,101,955 and of the world 6,775,910,318 people.  You can always find the latest data at http://www.census.gov/main/www/popclock.html.

    The data below is based on the Census 2000.  It will be updated after the Census 2010 data becomes available.
 

 

Index of Material

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Total Population

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Section or Region of Country

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Sex

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Age

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Race

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Hispanic Origin

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Income

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Poverty

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Education

bulletNational Origin
bulletLanguage
bulletReligion

________________________

Demographic Information

 

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Total Population of the United States
Table 6.1
The World Almanac and Book of Facts: 2002,  p. 378 
U.S. Census Data
Year Population People/Sq. Mile
1950 151,325,798 42.6
1960 179,323,175 50.6
1970 203,302,031 57.4
1980 226,545,805 64
1990 248,709,873 70.3
2000 281,421,906 79.6

Table 6.2[1]
US Population Census 2000
Urban, Suburban, and Rural

Census 2000 data

 

 

 

 

Area

 

Population

Population

% of Total

 

 

 

 

 

Inside Metropolitan Areas

 

225,981,679

 

80%

 

Inside Central Cities

 

85,401,127

30%

 

Outside Central Cities

 

140,580,552

50%

Outside Metropolitan Areas

 

55,440,227

 

20%

 

 

 

 

 

Total U.S. Population

 

281,421,906

 

 


[1] Profiles of General Demographic Characteristics:  2000,  “2000 Census of Population and Housing:  United States”, pp. 2 - 5, Table DP-1. “United States, Inside Metropolitan Areas,” “United States, Inside Metropolitan Areas, Inside Central Cities,” “United States, Inside Metropolitan Areas, Outside Central Cities,”  and “United States, Outside Metropolitan Areas.”

 

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Section or Region of Country

Table 6.8[1]
Census 2000:  U.S. Population by Division and Region  


[1] Profiles of General Demographic Characteristics:  2000, , “2000 Census of Population and Housing:  United States”, pp. 6 - 18.

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Sex

  The total population is almost evenly divided by sex:  138,053,563 males (49.1%) and 143,368,343 females (50.9%).  A gender gap arises in those over 65 years of age.  In April 2000, there were only 14,409,625 males over 65, but 20,582,128 females.

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Age

The median age in 2000 was 35.3 years old.  The largest age category was from 25 to 54 years of age with 122,718,203 persons or 44 percent of the total.  The decade from 35 to 44 is the single largest ten-year cohort with 45,148.527 members or 16 percent of the total.  Table 6.3 looks at the numbers for each ten-year age cohort

Table 6.3[1]


[1]Profiles of General Demographic Characteristics:  2000, p 1.

 
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Race

Table 6.5[1] Census 2000
Racial Characteristics of the United States


[1] Profiles of General Demographic Characteristics:  2000, p. 1.

 
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Hispanics

Table 6.6[1] Census 2000  
Origins of the Hispanic Population


[1] Profiles of General Demographic Characteristics:  2000, p. 1.

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Income



Table 6.15[1]
Distribution of Money Income By Quintiles of Households
Income in 2000 CPI-U-RS Adjusted Dollars

Five-Year Intervals Since 1970


[1] Money Income in the United States:  2000, p. 21. Table A-2

Table 6.16[1]
Money Income in the United States: 2000
Current Population Survey, March 2001


[1] Money Income in the United States:: 2000,  p. 2 and p. 8.  Table  A and Table C.

Table 6.21

Census 2000 Supplementary Survey Profile[1]
Table 3. Profile of Selected Economic Characteristics
Household and Family Incomes at Various Income Levels
Income and Benefits (in 2000 Inflation-Adjusted Dollars)
Estimates

 

[1] U.S. Census Bureau.  2000 Supplementary Survey Profile. United States.  Table 3.  Profile of Selected Economic Characteristics.  http://www.census.gov/c2ss/www/Products/Profiles/2000/Tabular/010/01000US3.htm

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Poverty

Table 6.22
Earning of Minimum Wage Earner
(Minimum Wage Since 1997 at $5.15 per Hour)

Year Rate Daily Eight Hours Weekly Forty Hours Monthly Four Weeks Yearly Fifty-two weeks
2000 $5.15 $41.20 $206 $824 $10,712

Table 6.24
Weighted Average Poverty Thresholds (2000)[1]

[1] Poverty in the United States:  2000, p. 5.

Table 6.25

Poverty in the United States:  2000[1]

[1] Poverty in the United States:  2000, Appendix.  Time Series Poverty Estimates, pp. 18 26, Tables A-1 and A-2.

 
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Education


Table 6.28
Mean Annual Earnings for Persons
Aged 18 and Over, By Level of Education, 1996

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National Origin
Census 2000 Supplementary Survey Profile
Table 2: Profile of Selected Social Characteristics
Table 7.1 Groups
Ancestry

 
Country of Origin Population
Total Population  273,643,274
Arab     1,248,551
Czech     1,396,279
Danish     1,502,600
Dutch     5,221,803
English    28,264,856
French (except Basque)     9,775,761
French Canadian     2,208,729
German    46,488,992
Greek     1,179,064
Hungarian     1,519,788
Irish    33,067,131
Italian    15,942,683
Lithuanian        714,097
Norwegian     4,541,254
Polish     9,053,660
Portuguese     1,321,155
Russian     2,980,776
Scotch Irish     5,226,402
Scottish     5,423,030
Slovak        821,325
Sub-Saharan Africa     1,508,713
Swedish     4,339,357
Swiss        998,009
Ukrainian        862,762
United States or America    19,644,182
Welsh     1,898,279
West Indian (excluding Hispanic)     1,905,715
Total Reported  209,054,953
Non Reported    64,588,321
Table 7.2 Native Born and Foreign Born
Total Population  273,643,274
Native Born  243,177,052
Foreign Born    30,455,222
     Naturalized Citizen    12,232,935
     Not a Citizen    18,233,287
     Entered 1990 to 2000    13,285,452
     Entered Before 1990    17,180,770
Table 7.3 Region of Birth of Foreign Born
Foreign Born Population    30,464,003
Europe     4,772,270
Asia     8,364,026
Africa        839,547
Oceania        180,308
Latin America    15,471,784
Northern America        836,068

 
bulletLanguage

Table 7.4  Languages Spoken at Home

 

 

Language

 

Population

Population 5 years and over

 

 254,746,174

English Only

 

 209,860,377

Spanish

 

 26,745,067

Other Indo-European Language

 

 9,479,670

Asian and Pacific Islander languages

 

 6,864,461

Other Languages

 

 1,796,599

 

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Religion

The U.S. Bureau of the Census does not provide official statistics on religious affiliation.

The information below is derived from
http://www.gc.cuny.edu/studies/key_findings.htm

The Graduate Center of The City University of New York
American Religious Identity Survey (ARIS)

and 

http://www.adherents.com/rel_USA.html

Adherents.com is a growing collection of over 41,000 adherent statistics and religious geography citations -- references to published membership/adherent statistics and congregation statistics for over 4,200 religions, churches, denominations, religious bodies, faith groups, tribes, cultures, movements, ultimate concerns, etc.

 

U.S. Religions 2001

 ARIS 2001

American Religious Identification Survey

 

The Graduate Center, The City University of New York (CUNY)

 

No Religion Groups

 

Nonreligious/Secular

 27,539,000

Agnostic

 991,000

Atheist

 902,000

Humanist

 49,000

Deist

 49,000

Unitarian/Universalist

 629,000

Monotheistic Faiths

 

Judaism

 2,831,000

Islam

 1,104,000

Christian

 159,030,000

Eastern Religions

 

Hinduism

 766,000

Buddhism

 1,082,000

Sikhism

 57,000

Taoist

 40,000

Baha'i

 84,000

Other Religions

 

Native American Religion

 103,000

Spiritualist

 1,166,000

Wiccan/Pagan/Druid

 307,000

Eckankar

 26,000

New Age

 68,000

Scientology

 55,000

 Grand Total

 196,878,000

Christianity

 

Orthodox Christian

 645,000

Catholic Christian

 50,873,000

Protestant Christian

 

   Anglican/Episcopalian

 3,451,000

   Calvinistic

 

     Presbyterian

 5,596,000

     Congretational/United Church of Christ

 1,378,000

     Dutch Reformed

 289,000

    Lutheran

 9,580,000

    Anabaptist

 

      Baptist

 33,830,000

      Churches of Christ

 2,503,000

      Quaker

 217,000

      Mennonites

 346,000

     Methodist/Weslyan

 14,140,000

     Mormon/Later-Day Saints

 2,787,000

     Pentacostal/Charismatic

 4,407,000

     Jehovah's Witnesses

 1,331,000

     Seventh Day Adventists

 724,000

     Assemblies of God

 1,106,000

     Holiness/Holy

 569,000

     Church of the Nazarene

 544,000

     Church of God

 944,000

     Disciples of Christ

 492,000

     Church of the Brethren

 358,000

     Apostolic/New Apostolic

 254,000

     Full Gospel

 168,000

     Christian Reform

 79,000

     Foursquare Gospel

 70,000

     Independent Christian Church

 71,000

Christian Science

 194,000

Salvation Army

 25,000

Protestant--No denomination supplied

 4,647,000

Christian--No denomination supplied

 14,190,000

Evangelical

 1,032,000

Born Again

 56,000

Nondenominational

 2,489,000

Fundamentalist

 61,000

 

 

 Total Christians

 159,446,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table 7.8

 

ARIS 2001

 

 

 

Christian

 159,030,000

Orthodox Christian

 645,000

Catholic Christian

 50,873,000

Protestant Christian

 107,512,000

 

 

Table 7.9

 

 

 

Denominational Families

 1990 Est. Adult Pop

 2001 Est. Adult Pop.

 Est % of US Pop., 2001

Baptist

 33,964,000

 33,830,000

 16.3

Methodist/Wesleyan

 14,174,000

 14,150,000

 6.8

Lutheran

 9,110,000

 9,580,000

 4.6

Presbyterian

 4,985,000

 5,596,000

 2.7

Pentecostal/Charismatic

 3,191,000

 4,407,000

 2.1

Episcopelian/Anglican

 3,042,000

 3,451,000

 1.7

Latter-day Saints/Mormons

 2,487,000

 2,697,000

 1.3

Churches of Christ

 1,769,000

 2,593,000

 1.2

Congregational/United Church of Christ

 599,000

 1,378,000

 0.7

Johovah's Witnesses

 1,381,000

 1,331,000

 0.6

Assemblies of God

 660,000

 1,106,000

 0.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Written September 27, 2000
Updated September 19, 2002

Updated January 3, 2011
Copyright Dr. Harold Damerow
Senior Professor of Government and History
Union County College
Cranford, NJ 07016