X: TYPES OF BALANCE OF POWER SYSTEMS
GLOBAL BALANCE OF POWER
REGIONAL BALANCES OF POWER. In addition to the global balance of power, there are also various regional balances. The regional balance of power will be determined largely by the countries that are located in the given region. However, the dominant hegemonic state and other major powers, not located in the given region, may also play a role in the given region. The United States, for example, is an actor in all the regional balances of power within the world.
ALLIANCES and the Balance of Power, both Global and Regional. States form alliances to increase the power that they exercise in the world. This is true both of major powers and weak states. Hegemonic states assemble alliances to gain both legitimacy for their actions and to achieve overwhelming superiority over their adversaries. Weak states seek to build alliances to compensate for their weaknesses.
WAR, unfortunately, remains a normal condition within this system of sovereign states. Despite efforts to establish peaceful methods of conflict resolution between states, the international system remains anarchic. The international system continues to remain in a Hobbesian State of Nature where each "warres" against all.
WAR is a normal condition within a system of states. There are are many
different types of war.
TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGES AND WARFARE.
Nuclear Weapons since 1947. Nuclear Powers and Non-Nuclear Countries. Nuclear Proliferation.
Chemical Weapons have been used at least since World War I
Biological Weapons. Germ warfare. As far as we know, this has not been used in actual warfare but there is a growing risk that it may be used particularly by weak states and terrorist organizations.
ABC Weapons: Atomic, Biological, Chemical
THE INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM remains predominantly a STATE SYSTEM;
Global Balance of Power
Regional Balances of Power
Central America and Caribbean
South East Asia
POWER is an elusive concept but widely used in political science. Power may be defined as the ability to persuade others to do things that they would not do ordinarily unless pressured to do so. Within domestic politics, power is usually based on numbers, wealth, and organizational skills. A small group that is well organized may exercise considerable influence even without large sums of money. In international politics, power depends on both geopolitical factors and idiosyncratic factors.
Inequalities of State Power
Bases of State Power
Bases of National Power depends on many variables, such as:
Tools of State Power for the Conduct of Foreign Policy
Copyright Dr. Harold Damerow