Abstract: A brief summary of a longer
Annotation: A brief summary or comment on a longer
work. If you are asked to do an annotated bibliography, you
must cite and briefly describe each item that you read.
Author: The person who wrote the book, article, or other
Bibliography: A list of books, magazine articles and/or other
sources on a given topic. Bibliographies must be given in a specific
order as specified by a style manual.
bt: broader term. Example: dog is a
broader term for
Catalog: A list. Library catalogs list all the
materials that the Library owns. Library catalogs can be found
as computer databases, or as card catalogs, or occasionally, as book
Citation: The information needed to identify and find an
|A citation for a book usually
includes the author, the title, place and date of publication,
publisher, and page numbers. It may also include an editor,
translator, and the name of any shorter work within the
|A citation for a journal article
usually includes the author, the article title, the journal title,
volume and issue numbers, date, and page numbers.|
|Consult a style manual for
complete directions in citation. |
Citing : When you write a research paper, you must tell where
you found your information.
You do this by making a footnote
or endnote or parenthetical reference, or by describing your information
source in the body of your paper. See references.
Database: an organized list that can be searched by
category. Library databases usually put each element of a
citation in a separate searchable field (category). Library
databases typically contain a collection of magazine, newspaper or
reference book articles.
Directory: A hierarchical arrangement of Web sites, according to
their subject area.
Example: Yahoo is a directory. It also
contains a search engine (see search
Editor: The person who selects material for publication,
or the person who reads it carefully, checks the facts, corrects errors,
and works with the author to improve the quality of the written work
Field: A category in a
Fielded search: Searching within a field (category) of
Full-text: If an article in a computer database is
full text, the entire article is there.
Hierarchy: An ordering of terms indicating degree of generality or
specificity. Example, in order of increasing
Hits: The results of a search. Every time a search
retrieves results, each item retrieved is called a "hit"
http: Hypertext Transfer Protocol
html: Hypertext markup language
Index: An alphabetical list that leads to more
information. An easy example of an index would be a telephone
book; looking up a name gives you the address and phone
number. Today, indexes can be found in book form or on
Index only: If a database is indexing only, it is NOT
Journal: A periodical, or magazine. Some people use the term
"journal" to indicate scholarly
Keyword : The term that is being searched for is called a
Magazine: A periodical. Some people use the term
"magazine" to indicate a popular, rather than a scholarly,
nt : narrower term. Example: poodle is a narrower term for
Online Journal: A journal that is published
electronically (on the web) rather than printed on paper. Some
online journals are available in either print or electronic format;
others are published only on the
Periodical: Something which is published periodically, at
regular or irregular intervals. Magazines and newspapers are
examples of periodicals.
Phrase: Two or more words together make a phrase.
Proximity Indicator: In Boolean searching, proximity
(closeness) between two words can be shown with a proximity indicator,
usually w/n , where w means within and n is
the number of words. Example: George w/2 Bush indicates that George must be within two
words of Bush.
Query: Another word for search. To query a
database is to search it for specified
Reference Books: Books in which the content is organized
alphabetically, so that you can look up the exact part of the information
that you need. Reference books are usually not read straight
through, but are referred to as needed. Examples would include both
general and specialized encyclopedias, indexes, dictionaries,
almanacs, collections of statistics, books of quotations, statistics,
Reference Section: In a library, there is usually a collection
of books that does not circulate (You cannot check them out).
These are the Reference Books. Increasingly, a great deal of
Reference information is available in computer databases. This would
be called Electronic Reference.
References: When writing a paper, you must tell where you got
your information by making references (description, footnotes,
endnotes, or parenthetical). At the end of your paper, you will have
a list of references, sometimes called Works Cited or Bibliography.
See also citation.
Reserves: When the library anticipates that certain materials
will be heavily used, the materials are placed on Reserve. Such materials are checked out
for a very short time, usually for use only in the library, to ensure that
all library patrons have an opportunity to use them.
Source: The publication where information was found. Source is
sometimes used to mean the title of the magazine, as opposed to the title
of the article.
Search Engine: On the Internet, a large computer that retains
a large memory of files for the purpose of making them available to remote
users. When you search for terms on a search engine, it will
retrieve a list of links where the terms you sought can be
Synonyms: Two words that mean the same thing are called
Title: The name of the book, article, or web site.
Truncation: A shortening of a word indicated by a wildcard
symbol, such as *, ?, or !. The symbol is used to indicate that the word
could have many possible endings. Smith* will pick up Smith,
Smiths, Smithson, Smithsonian, Smithfield, Smithers, smithy,
URL: Universal Resource Locator, or web address. Usually
starts with http://www.
Web posting: a document which is found on the web, but is not part
of an online journal or book.
www: World Wide Web (the Internet, in the format that